By Genetically Modifying (GMOs) plants and animals, we will inevitably be changing that species forever. One does not have to attend university for ten years to know, once a virus or a mutation has been introduced into the food chain, it can never be de-introduced. Whether they have been modified genetically or sprayed with toxic chemicals, the food products are still ingested into our own cells and nervous systems. We have already been changed. This is a fact that no committee of government bureaucrats can dispute.
Throughout history man has been dabbling in areas of scientific research that is not only unnecessary but also unethical. What is science? Webster says it is the knowledge gained by systematic experimentation, observation, and analysis. Nowhere does it state that after such observation and analysis the conclusions are true or even valid. We all remember when the scientists once believed the earth was flat. Even Einsteinís theory of relativity is now being challenged. Some say we donít know what we donít know. Some also say history repeats itself. So, letís take a look at our past.
The first prisoners started arriving in Auschwitz by train in May, 1940. The first extermination of prisoners took place in September, 1941. From early 1942 until late 1944, transport trains delivered Jews to the camp's gas chambers from all over German-occupied Europe, where they were killed with the pesticide Zyklon B. At least 1.1 million prisoners died at Auschwitz.
Most pesticides are the product of war, based on research into chemical warfare. Organophosphates and carbamate insecticides, large classes within which hundreds of pesticides are registered, were based on Nazi research for nerve gas. At a large dose, they'll kill people. At a tiny dose, they kill ďpests.Ē Pesticide is a broad classification which includes insecticides (to kill insects), herbicides (to kill plants), fungicides (to kill funguses), and rodenticides (to kill rodents). Chemicals used in pesticides are non-specific and, depending on the dose and accuracy of delivery will kill unintended along with targeted species. They can be composed of biological substances or synthetic toxic chemicals.
Biological Warfare, also known as germ warfare, is the use of biological toxins or infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi with the intent to kill or incapacitate humans, animals, or plants as an act of war. Though pesticides are chemicals, they are often grouped with biological warfare and chemical warfare because they work in a similar manner as biotoxins or bioregulators.
Since ancient times, when dead animals were used to foul the water supplies of their enemies, disease has been used as a weapon. Some scholars have even suggested that the Black Death which swept Europe between 1347 and 1351 originated after the Tartars besieged the walled city of Kaffa, catapulting plague-infested bodies into the city.
The British Marines used smallpox in New South Wales in 1789. Historians have long debated inconclusively whether the British Army used smallpox in many episodes against Native Americans in 1763. Mustard gas was used by British forces intervening in the Russian Civil War in 1919 and by Soviet forces in China in the 1930s. Spanish and Italian troops used it in North African campaigns between the world wars, as did Japanese soldiers in China during World War II.
To provide Japanese agents the ability for close, covert contact with targets, Unit 731 developed anthrax-infected chocolates and chewing gum, as well as fountain pens, hatpins and umbrellas tipped with the deadly disease. In addition to anthrax-filled artillery shells, Unit 731 experimented extensively with hot-air balloons filled with the deadly disease.
Declassified Porton Down documents reveal that the British, as early as 1941, began a battery of anthrax experiments involving spraying anthrax spores from aircraft. By early 1942, the British had also launched a series of experiments at Porton Down that involved dispersing anthrax from airplanes over herds of sheep and cattle. After conducting anthrax experiments at their germ warfare center at Porton Down, England, the British initiated a series of large anthrax-bomb tests on Gruinard, an uninhabited island at Gruinard Island, off the coast of Scotland.
Unfortunately, spores eventually made their way to the Scottish mainland, causing an outbreak of anthrax. As a result of the Gruinard tests, the island was so badly contaminated with anthrax that it needed to be completely sealed off to visitors. Reports over the years revealed that the remaining animals on the island displayed prominent manifestations of genetic change.
In January 1942, immediately after Pearl Harbor, the US military decided to vaccinate all active duty personnel with the yellow fever vaccine. This decision was based largely on the fear that an enemy power would launch a strategic biological attack. The yellow fever vaccine used in early 1942 contained human serum and despite earlier published reports of unexplained or homologous serum jaundice occurring after its use, the perceived urgency of the biological weapon threat propelled this vaccine into use. Many lots were contaminated by the hepatitis B virus. An epidemic of unexplained hepatitis began in March 1942, and yellow fever vaccination was halted on April 15, 1942. Approximately 51,000 military personnel with symptomatic hepatitis were hospitalized and a subsequent investigation of veterans concluded that approximately 330,000 persons had been infected.
In the 1980s the Soviet Ministry of Agriculture had successfully developed variants of hoof-and-mouth disease against cows, African swine fever for pigs, and psittacosis to kill chickens. These agents were prepared to be sprayed down from tanks attached to airplanes over hundreds of miles of enemy territory. The secret program was code-named "Ecology."
Scientists have deliberately introduced the rabbit disease Myxomatosis, originating in South America, to Australia and Europe, with the intention of reducing the rabbit population. This had devastating but temporary results, with wild rabbit populations reduced, but the surviving rabbits developed immunity and thus increased in population. I am curious, does the new generation carry the disease? A few years ago, scientists in Australia were working on a genetically based contraceptive to control the country's mouse plague. But, in the process, they accidentally created an unusually deadly strain of mousepox, which is related to the human smallpox virus.
DDT's insecticidal properties were discovered in 1939, and it was used in the second half of World War II to control malaria and typhus among civilians and troops. The Swiss chemist Paul Hermann Muller was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology in 1948 for his discovery. After the war, DDT was made available for use as an agricultural insecticide, and soon its production and use skyrocketed. In 1955, the World Health Organization commenced a program to eradicate malaria worldwide, relying largely on DDT. However widespread agricultural use led to resistant insect populations. In many areas, early victories partially or completely reversed, and in some cases rates of transmission even increased.
Scientists in the U.S. had begun expressing concern over possible hazards associated with DDT, and in the early 1950s the government began tightening some of the regulations governing its use. Not until 1957, when the New York Times reported an incident using DDT, did the issue come to the attention of the popular naturalist-author, Rachel Carson. Her famous book Silent Spring, published in 1962 argued that pesticides, including DDT, were poisoning both wildlife and the environment and were also endangering human health.
The book catalogued the environmental impacts of the indiscriminate spraying of DDT in the US and questioned the logic of releasing large amounts of chemicals into the environment without fully understanding their effects on ecology or human health. The book suggested that DDT and other pesticides may cause cancer and that their agricultural use was a threat to wildlife, particularly birds.
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GMOs & Pesticides